Evolution of the reverse logistics concept based on the approval of the National Solid Waste Policy (PNRS) and its application in the disposal of empty crop protection packaging
The concern to implement reverse logistics in various industrial segments has grown in Brazil since the 1980s, driven by the increase in waste generation, combined with changes in consumer habits and disposable products and packages becoming more popular. This moment also coincides with the Brazilian society developing awareness on the need to preserve the environment, and is reflected in the definition of new business and governmental policies.
One of the most significant recent milestones on the topic was the approval of Federal Law Nr. 12.305 of August 2, 2010, which instituted the PNRS. This law makes a distinction between residue (that which can be reused or recycled) and waste (not capable of being reused), considering the household, industrial, agroforestry, appliances, civil construction, mercury vapor lamp production, health and related hazardous product segments. Legislation regulates and guides companies and the public power regarding their responsibilities as to the destination of post-consumption packaging and products, and set forth that manufacturers must be responsible for the reverse logistics and environmentally friendly final disposal.
Even though the PNRS is also applicable to the agricultural sector, empty crop protection reverse logistics was already regulated (Federal Law Nr. 9.974/00) prior to the new legislation, with significant results. inpEV representatives actively participated in the discussions that led to the PNRS approval and contributed technically with the debates.
InpEV's experience when acting as the intelligence hub of the Campo Limpo System has served as a reverse logistics model based on shared responsibilities.